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M. Nunami, T.-H. Watanabe, H. Sugama and K. Tanaka
Gyrokinetic Turbulence Simulation Compared with a High Ion Temperature Large Helical Device Experiment
Date of publication:
Oct. 14, 2011
gyrokinetic simulation, ITG turbulence, zonal flow, anomalous transport, LHD experiment
Ion temperature gradient turbulent transport in the Large Helical Device (LHD) is investigated by means of gyrokinetic simulations in comparison with the experimental density fluctuation measurements of ion-scale turbulence. The local gyrokinetic Vlasov simulations are carried out incorporating full geometrical effects of the LHD configuration, and reproduce the turbulent transport levels comparable to the experimental results. Reasonable agreements are also found in the poloidal wavenumber spectra of the density fluctuations obtained from the simulation and the experiment. Numerical analysis of the spectra of the turbulent potential fluctuations on the two-dimensional wavenumber space perpendicular to the magnetic field clarifies the spectral transfer into a high radial wavenumber region through the interaction with zonal flows, which correlates with the turbulent transport reduction. The resultant transport levels at different flux surfaces are expressed in terms of a simple linear relation between the transport coefficient and the ratio of the squared turbulent potential fluctuation to the averaged zonal flow amplitude.
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