S. Ferrando-Margalet, H. Sugama, T.-H. Watanabe


Zonal Flows and Ion Temperature Gradient Instabilities in Multiple-helicity Magnetic Fields

Date of publication:

Aug. 2007

Key words:

zonal flow, ITG instability, helical system, gyrokinetic simulation, plasma transport


Effects of multiple-helicity magnetic fields on the ion temperature gradient (ITG) instability and on the zonal flow (ZF) evolution are studied with the linear gyrokinetic Vlasov code GKV. The model helical fields corresponding to the standard and inward-shifted axis configurations of the Large Helical Device are used to investigate how ITG mode properties and ZF evolution response to a given source are influenced by the field geometry. It is shown that, in the inward-shifted configuration, the ITG mode growth rate increases slightly while the ZF is sustained for a longer time. In addition, velocity-space structures of the ion perturbed distribution function are numerically obtained which illustrate the validity of the analytical prediction that the plasma inward shift retards the radial drift of the helically trapped particles leading to the enhancement of the ZF response. This supports the conjecture that anomalous transport can be reduced by the ZF generated in the configurations optimized to decrease the neoclassical transport.

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