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K. Nagaoka, M. Yokoyama, Y. Takeiri, K. Ida, M. Yoshinuma, S. Matsuoka, S. Morita, K. Tanaka, H. Funaba, K. Ikeda, M. Osakabe, T. Mutoh, T. Seki, K. Tsumori, Y. Oka, O. Kaneko and LHD experimental group
Characteristics of High-Ion-Temperature Plasmas Heated by Neutral Beams in the Large Helical Device
Date of publication:
21 IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, EX/8-2Ra
Improvement of ion heat transport in Heliotron plasmas has been realized by upgrade of ion heating power by using low energy neutral beam (NB) in the Large Helical Device (LHD). Ion internal transport barrier (ITB) (the peaked profile of ion temperature (T_i) with steep gradient in the core region) has been formed and the central T_i of 6.8 keV has been achieved in hydrogen plasma with the line-averaged electron density of 2 x 10^19 m^-3. The experimental ion thermal diffusivity significantly decreases to the neoclassical level, indicating significant reduction of anomalous transport. The analysis of neoclassical ambipolar diffusion showed the enhancement of the negative radial electric field (E_r<0) associated with the T_i increase, indicating that the anomalous transport is suppressed by the negative E_r. The ion transport inside the ITB shows negative dependence on the T_i and heating power, while that outside of ITB shows gyro-Bohm properties.
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