H. Azechi, K. Mima, Y. Fujimoto, S. Fujioka, H. Homma, T. Jitsuno, T. Johzaki, M. Koga, J., Kawanaka, N. Miyanaga, M. Murakami, H. Nagatomo, K. Nagai, M. Nakai, T. Nakamura, K., Nishihara, H. Nishimura, T. Norimatsu, K. Shigemori, H. Shiraga, K. Tsubakimoto, A. Iwamoto, T. Mito, H. Sakagami, M. Isobe, T. Ozaki, O. Motojima, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, K.A. Tanaka, Y. Nakao, Y. Sentoku, A. Sunahara, T. Taguchi
Plasma Physics Study and Laser Development for the Fast Ignition Realization Experiment (FIREX) Project
Date of publication:
21 IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, OV/4-1
Since the approval of the first phase of Fast Ignition Realization Experiment (FIREX-I), we have devoted our efforts on designing advanced targets and constructing the world highest-energy Peta Watt laser. The new target design has the following features. The coupling efficiency from the heating laser to the thermal energy of the compressed core plasma can be increased by the two ways:1) Low-Z foam layer on the inner surface of the cone for optimum absorption. 2) Double cone. Electrons generated in the inner surface of the double cone will return by sheathe potential generated between two cones. The implosion performance can be improved by three ways: 3) Low-Z plastic layer on the outer surface of the cone may suppress the expansion of the Au cone that flows into the interior of the compressed core. 4) Br doped plastic ablator may significantly moderate the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, making implosion more stable. 5) Evacuation of the target center to prevent gas jets from destroying the cone tip. For project robustness, we also explore 6) impact ignition scheme that eliminates complexity of laser-plasma interaction while keeping the compactness advantage of fast ignition. The fully integrated fast ignition experiment is scheduled on 2009. If subsequent FIREX-II will start as proposed, the ignition and burn will be demonstrated shortly after the ignition at NIF and LMJ, providing a scientific database of both central and fast ignition.