N. Fukumoto, K. Hanada, S. Kawakami, S. Honma, M. Nagata, N. Nishino, H. Zushi, K. Sato, K. Nakamura, H. Idei, M. Sakamoto, M. Hasegawa, S. Kawasaki, H. Nakashima, A. Higashijima, R. Bhattachayay, K. Okamoto, Y. Kikuchi
Investigation of compact toroid penetration for fuelling spherical tokamak plasmas on CPD
Date of publication:
21 IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, EX/P5-7
In previous Compact Toroid (CT) injection experiments on several tokamaks, although CT fuelling had been successfully demonstrated, the CT fuelling process has been not clear yet. We have thus conducted CT injection into simple toroidal or vertical vacuum magnetic fields to investigate quantitatively dynamics of CT plasmoid in the penetration process on a spherical tokamak (ST) device. Understanding the process allows us to address appropriately one of the critical issues for practical application of CT injection on reactor-grade tokamaks. In the experiment, the CT shift amount of about 0.26 m in a vertical magnetic field has been observed by using a fast camera. In addition to toroidal magnetic field, vertical one appears to affect CT trajectory in not conventional tokamak but ST devices operated at rather low toroidal fields. We have also observed CT attacks on the target plate with an IR camera. The IR image has indicated that CT shifts 39 mm at the toroidal field of 261 G. From the calorimetric measurement, an input energy due to CT impact in vacuum without magnetic fields is also estimated to be 530 J, which agrees with the initial CT kinetic energy.