Y. Feng, M. Kobayashi, F. Sardei, S. Masuzaki, J. Kisslinger, T. Morisaki, P. Grigull, H. Yamada, K. McCormick, N. Ohyabu, R. Konig, I. Yamada, L. Giannone, K. Narihara, U. Wenzel, S. Morita, H. Thomsen, J. Miyazawa, N. Ramasubramanian, T. Watanabe, N. Ashikawa, K. Ida, A. Komori, O. Motojima, Y. Nakamura, B.J. Peterson, K. Sato, M. Shoji, N. Tamura, M. Tokitani, the LHD experimental group
Comparative Divertor-Transport Study for Helical Devices
Date of publication:
21 IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, TH/P4-4
Using the island divertors (ID) of W7-AS and W7-X and the helical divertor (HD) of LHD as examples, the paper presents a comparative divertor transport study for three typical helical devices of different machine-size following two distinct divertor concepts, aiming at identifying common physics issues/effects for mutual validation and combined studies. Based on EMC3/EIRENE simulations supported by experimental results, the paper first reviews and compares the essential transport features of the W7-AS ID and the LHD HD in order to build a base and framework for a predictive study of W7-X. Revealed is the fundamental role of the low-order magnetic islands in both divertor concepts. Preliminary EMC3/EIRENE simulation results for W7-X are presented and discussed with respect to W7-AS and LHD in order to show how the individual field and divertor topologies affect the divertor transport and performance. For instance, a high recycling regime which is absent from W7-AS and LHD is expected for W7-X. Topics addressed are restricted to the basic function elements of a divertor such as particle flux enhancement and impurity retention. In particular, the divertor function on reducing the influx of intrinsic impurities is examined for all the three devices under different divertor plasma conditions. Special attention is paid to examining the island screening potential of intrinsic impurities which has been predicted for all the three devices under high divertor collisionality conditions. The results are discussed in conjunction with the experimental observations for high density divertor plasmas in W7-AS and LHD.